Let’s discuss the basic skills a child will need in order to be ready to read. Here are some must-have reading readiness skills for Kindergarten.
It is normally the time when a child becomes of the age to enter kindergarten that reading becomes a concern. Many parents wonder if their child is ready to read and worry if their child is not on target. Let’s discuss the basic skills a child will need in order to be ready to read. If your child does not possess some of the skills, there is still no need to worry.
We can do everything we know to do to help our child learn to read but they just might be ready. That’s okay. Keep encouraging a love for reading. The reading readiness skills will click in their own time.
Reading Readiness Skills
1. Letter Recognition
The ability to recognize and name letters and the phonics associated with each letter.
To develop this skill, you will want to familiarize your child with the alphabet. You can do this by singing the alphabet song, letter magnets, letter blocks, etc. Have your child create letters out of clay or Wikki Stix. Point out capital and lowercase letters to your child. When you discuss a letter be certain to introduce the child to the sound it makes.
2. Print Awareness
The understanding is that printed letters represent sounds and printed words have meaning.
To develop print awareness, you can point out words on signs, boxes, and books. Teach your child how to hold a book properly, that books are read from cover to back and sentences are read left to right.
3. Listening Comprehension
The ability to understand that words have meaning when spoken or read aloud while being able to relate to such words. The ability allows a child to understand, remember, and retell a story.
Reading aloud daily to your child can aid in enhancing this skill. Ask your child his thoughts on the story and have the child narrate the story or parts of the story back to you.
4. Phonological Awareness
The ability to hear and distinguish different sounds within spoken words.
Practice Makes Perfect
Rhyming games and reading nursery rhymes are great ways to encourage phonological awareness. You can also play a game where you ask your child to name animals that start with the letter “a” and so on.
Encourage your child to distinguish between the beginning and ending sounds of words. Ask your child what beginning sound he hears in the word “cat” and which sound comes at the end. Continue the exercise by asking your child to blend the sounds “sl” and “eep” and see if the child can say “sleep”.
A motivated child can overcome obstacles presented while a child whose readiness to read has not caught up with his willingness to read will make the process harder. It will make things more productive if you encourage a child to read gently.
Read books to your child that provokes his interest. Make reading more interactive by asking questions or creating activities to go along with the stories.